PTZ is a supporting device for installing and fixing cameras, which can be divided into fixed and professional electrical platform. The fixed pan-tilt is suitable for the situation that the monitoring range is not large. After installing the camera on the fixed pan-tilt, the level and pitch angle of the camera can be adjusted. After achieving the best working posture, just lock the adjustment mechanism. Professional electrical platform is suitable for scanning and monitoring a wide range. It can expand the surveillance range of cameras. Professional electrical platform high-speed attitude is realized by two executive Motors, which receive signals from the controller to accurately operate and locate. Under the action of the control signal, the camera on the PTZ can not only automatically scan the monitoring area, but also track the monitoring object under the control of the personnel on duty in the monitoring center.
According to the characteristics of its rotation, the pan-tilt can be divided into horizontal revolving cloud platform that can only rotate left and right and all-round pan-tilt that can rotate left and right as well as up and down. Generally speaking, the horizontal rotation angle is 0 ° to 350 °, and the vertical rotation angle is +90 °. The horizontal rotation speed of the constant speed PTZ is generally 3 ° ~ 10 °/s, and the vertical speed is about 4 °/s. The horizontal rotation speed of the variable speed pan-tilt is generally 0 ° ~ 32 °/s, and the vertical rotation speed is about 0 ° ~ 16 °/s. In some high-speed camera systems, the horizontal rotation speed of the pan-tilt is above 480 °/s and the vertical rotation speed is above 120 °/s.
In fact, the PTZ is an installation platform composed of two AC motor or DC motors, which can move horizontally and vertically. However, it should be noted that the pan-head we mentioned is different from the pan-head in photographic equipment. Generally speaking, the Pan-head of photographic equipment is only a tripod and can only be adjusted by hand; the pan-tilt mentioned by the monitoring system can control its rotation and moving direction remotely through the control system.
* According to the use environment, it is divided into indoor type and outdoor type. The main difference is that outdoor type has good sealing performance, waterproof, dustproof and large load.
* According to the installation method, it is divided into side installation and hoisting, that is, whether the PTZ is installed on the ceiling or on the wall.
* According to the shape, it is divided into common type and spherical type. Ball type cradle head is to place the PTZ in a hemispherical and spherical protective cover. In addition to preventing dust from interfering with the image, it is also hidden, beautiful and fast.
According to the movement function, it can be divided into horizontal head and all-round (omnidirectional) head.
According to the working voltage, it is divided into AC fixed speed pan-tilt and DC high speed pan-tilt.
According to the carrying weight, it can be divided into light-load PTZ, medium-load PTZ, and heavy-load PTZ.
According to the load installation method, it is divided into top Mount head and side mount head.
According to the usage environment, it can be divided into general type and special type. General-purpose type refers to the use of non-combustible, non-corrosive gas or dust in the atmospheric environment, and can be divided into indoor type and outdoor type. The most typical special application is explosion-proof head.
* Consider the installation environment, installation method, working voltage, load size, performance-price ratio, appearance and other factors when selecting the PTZ.
There are two motors inside the omni-directional pan-tilt, which are responsible for the up-down and left-right rotation of the pan-tilt respectively. The difference of its working voltage also determines the overall working voltage of the pan-tilt, generally including 24V AC, 220V AC and 12V DC. When the up and down action voltage is received, the vertical motor rotates, and the vertical drive is driven by reduction gearbox; When the left and right action voltage is received, the horizontal motor rotates and drives the horizontal tooth reduction gearbox at the bottom of the pan head to rotate through the roulette wheel.
It should be noted that the PTZ has horizontal and vertical limit bolts, and the PTZ has two micro switches to realize the limit function respectively. When the rotation angle reaches the preset limit Bolt, the micro switch operates to cut off the power supply and the pan-tilt stops rotating. The limiting device can be located outside the pan-tilt, and the adjustment process is simple. It can also be located inside the pan-tilt, and the adjustment process is relatively complicated through the adjustment mechanism of peripheral devices. However, the sealing performance of the external limiting device is not as good as that of the built-in limiting device.
Outdoor pan-and-tilt is generally the same as the indoor PTZ, but because the weight of outdoor protective cover is relatively large, the load capacity of the PTZ must plus-sized. At the same time, the cold and hot changes of the outdoor environment are large, and they are easily eroded by rain or humidity. Therefore, outdoor pan-and-tilt is generally designed to be sealed and rainproof. In addition, outdoor pan-and-tilt also has high torque and choke protection circuit to prevent the motor from being burned when the pan head is frozen. Under the harsh conditions of low temperature, a temperature-controlled heater can also be installed inside the PTZ.